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For M$ Windows users its always handy to have remote access to your home PC or notebook via Remote Desktop (RDP) protocol.
However in GNU / Linux, there is no native implementation of RDP protocol. So if you're using Linux as your Desktop like me you will probably want to be able to access the Linux system remotely not only via terminal with SSH using (Putty) or MobaXTerm all in one tabbed Windows terminal program but also be able to use your Linux GNOME / KDE Graphical environment from anywhere on the Internet.
This will make you ponder – Is it possible to access Linux Desktop via proprietary RDP protocol and if not how you can achieve remote GUI access to Linux?
1. Using Linux Xorg and Xming Xserver for Windows
Most people should already know of Linux ability to start multiple Xserver sessions remotely which is the native way to access between two Linux hosts or access remotely Linux from other Linux UNIX like OS. It is also possible to use xinit / startx / xhost commands to establish remotely connection to new or running Linux (Xorg) Xserver by using them in combination with XMing – XServer for Windows running on the Windows host and Debian package (x11-xserver-utils) – providing xhost cmd, however this method is a bit complicated and not so convenient.
I used to be using this method XMing (whose mirror is here), earlier in my university years to use remotely my Debian Linux from Windows 98 and this works perfectly fine.
2. Using RDP emulation with XRDP server
in order to be able to access your desk from any friend or computer club in the world using standard available in MS WindowsRemote Desktop client (mstsc.exe).
There is also another alternative way by using Windows Desktop sharing RDP experimental server xrdp:
apt-cache show xrdp |grep -i descr -A 3
Description: Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) server
Based on research work by the rdesktop project, xrdp uses the Remote
Desktop Protocol to present a graphical login to a remote client.
xrdp can connect to a VNC server or another RDP server.
To make your Linux host accessible via RDP:
On Debian / Ubuntu etc. deb based Linux:
apt-get install xrdp
$ /etc/init.d/xrdp status
Checking status of Remote Desktop Protocol server xrdp [ OK ]
Checking status of RDP Session Manager sesman
On Fedora Linux:
yum -y install xrdp
systemctl enable xrdp.service
systemctl start xrdp.service
systemctl enable xrdp-sesman.service
systemctl start xrdp-sesman.service
It is possible to access remote Linux host using xrdp RDP server, but this will only work in older releases of mstsc.exe (Windows XP / Vista / 2003) and will not work on Windows 7 / 8, because in MS Windows 7 and onwards RDP proto version has changed and the client no longer has compatability with older mstsc releases. There is a work around for this for anyone who stubbornly want to use RDP protocol to access Linux host. If you want to connect to xrdp from Windows 7 you have to copy the old RDP client (mstsc.exe and mstscax.dll) from a WinXP install to the Windows 7 box and run it independently, from the default installed ones, anyways this method is time consuming and not really worthy …
3. Using the VNC withTightVNC server/ client
Taking above in consideration, for me personally best way to access Linux host from Windows and Mac is to use simply the good old VNC protocol with TightVNC.
TightVNC is cross-platform free and open source remote Desktop client it uses RFB protocol to control another computer screen remotely.
To use tightvnc to access remote Debian / Ubuntu – deb based Linux screen, tightvncserver package has to be installed:
apt-cache show tightvncserver|grep -i desc -A 7
Description-en: virtual network computing server software
VNC stands for Virtual Network Computing. It is, in essence, a remote
display system which allows you to view a computing `desktop' environment
not only on the machine where it is running, but from anywhere on the
Internet and from a wide variety of machine architectures.
This package provides a server to which X clients can connect and the
server generates a display that can be viewed with a vncviewer.
apt-get –yes install tightvncserver
TightVNCserver package is also available in default repositories of Fedora / CentOS / RHEL and most other RPM based distros, to install there:
yum -y install tightvnc-server
Once it is installed to make tightvncserver running you have to start it (preferrably with non-root user), usually this is the user with which you're using the system:
You will require a password to access your desktops.
Would you like to enter a view-only password (y/n)? n
New 'X' desktop is rublev:4
Creating default startup script /home/hipo/.vnc/xstartup
Starting applications specified in /home/hipo/.vnc/xstartup
Log file is /home/hipo/.vnc/rublev:4.log
To access now TightVncserver on the Linux host Download and Install TightVNC Viewer client
note that you need to download TightVNC Java Viewer JAR in ZIP archive – don't install 32 / 64 bit installer for Windows, as this will install and setup TightVNCServer on your Windows – and you probably don't want that (and – yes you will need to have Oracle Java VM installed) …
Once unzipped run tightvnc-jviewer.jar and type in the IP address of remote Linux host and screen, where TightVNC is listening, as you can see in prior screenshot my screen is :4, because I run tightvnc to listen for connections in multiple X sessions. once you're connected you will be prompted for password, asker earlier when you run tightvncserver cmd on Linux host.
If you happen to be on a Windows PC without Java installed or Java use is prohibited you can use TightVNC Viewer Portable Binary (mirrored here)
If you have troubles with connection, on Linux host check the exact port on which TightVncServer is running:
ps ax |grep -i Tightvnc
8630 pts/8 S 0:02 Xtightvnc :4 -desktop X -auth /var/run/gdm3/auth-for-hipo-7dpscj/database -geometry 1024×768 -depth 24 -rfbwait 120000 -rfbauth /home/hipo/.vnc/passwd -rfbport 5904 -fp /usr/share/fonts/X11/misc/,/usr/share/fonts/X11/Type1/,/usr/share/fonts/X11/75dpi/,/usr/share/fonts/X11/100dpi/ -co /etc/X11/rgb
Then to check, whether the machine you're trying to connect from doesn't have firewall rules preventing the connection use (telnet) – if installed on the Windows host:
telnet www.pc-ferak.net 5904
Connected to 192.168.56.101.
Escape character is '^]'.