Reading Time: 3minutes
It seems DjbDNS on Debian Squeeze has been not included as a Debian package. There is still possibility to install djbdns from an older deb package or install it from source. I however decided to install it from source as finding the old Debian package for Lenny and Etch takes time, plus I'm running an amd64 version of Debian and this might even more complicate the situation.
Installing it from source is not really a Debian way but at least it works.
In this article I assume that daemontools and ucspi-tcp are preliminary installed, if not one needs to install them with:
debian:~# apt-get install ucspi-tcp daemontools daemontools-run
The above two ones are required as DJBDNS is originally made to run through djb's daemontools.
Here is the exact step I took to have it installed as local caching DNS server on a Debian Squeeze server:
1. Download and untar DjbDNS
debian:~# wget -q http://cr.yp.to/djbdns/djbdns-1.05.tar.gz
debian:~# tar -zxvvf djbdns-1.05.tar.gz
2. Add DjbDNS users to /etc/passwd
Creating the below two users is not arbitrary but it's recommendable.
echo 'dnscache:*:54321:54321:dnscache:/dev/null:/dev/null' >> /etc/passwd
echo 'dnslog:*:54322:54322:dnslog:/dev/null:/dev/null' >> /etc/passwd
3. Compile DJBDNS nameserver
First it's necessery to use the below echo command to work around a common Linux bug:
debian:~# cd djbdns-1.05
debian:/root/djbdns-1.05# echo gcc -O2 -include /usr/include/errno.h > conf-cc
Next let's make it:
4. Install the compiled djbdns binaries
debian:/root/djbdns-1.05# make setup check
# here comes some long install related output
If no errors are produced by make setup check this means that the djbdns should have installed itself fine.
As installation is compileted it's a good idea to report about the newly installed DjbDNS server if running a mail server. This info is used by Dan Bernstein to gather statistical data about the number of installations of djbdns servers throughout the world.
5. Do some general configurations to the newly installed DJBDNS
Now let's copy the list of the IP addresses of the global DNS root servers in /etc/.
debian:/root/djbdns-1.05# cp -rpf dnsroots.global /etc/
debian:/root/djbdns-1.05# ./dnscache-conf dnscache dnslog /etc/dnscache 0.0.0.0
dnscache-conf will generate some default configuration files for djbdns in /etc/dnscache
Next allow the networks which should be able to use the just installed djbdns server as a caching server:
debian:/root/djbdns-1.05# cd /etc/dnscache/root/ip
debian:/etc/dnscache/root# touch 192.168.1
debian:/root/djbdns-1.05# touch 123.123
First command will allow all ips in range 192.168.1.* to be able to access the DNS server and the second command will allow all ips from 123.123.1-255.1-255 to be able to query the server.
Some further fine tunning can be done from the files:
/etc/dnscache/env/CACHESIZE and /etc/dnscache/env/DATALIMIT
As a last step, before it's running, we have to link the /etc/dnscache to daemontools like so:
debian:/root/djbdns-1.05# ln -sf /etc/dnscache /etc/service/dnscache
If the daemontools is not linked to be accessible via /etc/service it's also a good to link it there:
debian:~# ln -sf /etc/service /
Now the DJBDNS should be running fine, to test if it's running without errors through daemontools I used:
debian:~# ps ax|grep -i readproc
5358 pts/18 R+ 0:00 grep -i readproc
11824 ? S 0:00 readproctitle service errors: ...........
If no errors are displayed it's configured and running to also test if it's capable of resolving I used the host command:
debian:~# host pc-freak.net localhost
Using domain server:
pc-freak.net has address 188.8.131.52
pc-freak.net mail is handled by 0 mail.pc-freak.net.
Now the DJBDNS is properly installed and if you test it for a while with time host somehost.com localhost , you will see how quick it is in resolving.
The advantage of running DJBDNS is it does not require almost no maintance, its rock solid and great just like all other Dan Bernstein's written software.